Adult child maintenance for over-18s

Adult child maintenance for over-18s

A child who is over 18 is able to get financial support from a parent if the child:

  • is completing their secondary or tertiary education – they are at high school, TAFE, university, or a course at a private college (apprenticeships may also be included)
  • has a serious illness
  • has a physical or mental disability.

This is called adult child maintenance.

An adult child who is married or living in a de-facto relationship is not able to get adult child maintenance.

If there is agreement

If both parents agree to maintenance, or the child and paying parent agree, this can be put in writing and the court will make this into an adult child maintenance court order. Otherwise the court decides.

Applying for an order

Either the parent or the child can apply for an adult child maintenance order against the other parent:

  • when a child is 17, to begin when the child turns 18, or
  • after the child has turned 18.

It is helpful for the adult child to show that they are trying to pay for some of their own support, for example, by working part-time or looking for work. However, the court will take into account study commitments, illness or disability, personal/work skills and availability of part-time work.

Working out how much maintenance

How much maintenance is paid depends on:

  • the adult child’s 'necessary expenses'
  • each parent’s financial position (including how much they are capable of earning)
  • the amount a parent needs to support themselves and any other person that they have a duty to look after.

If you and the other parent cannot agree, the court will decide how much needs to be paid.

Necessary expenses

Necessary expenses include:

  • the adult child’s share of food, household supplies, utilities, housing and transport (even if this is paid by a parent)
  • costs to do with study, such as books, internet fees and computer equipment, TAFE fees (but not HECS and other government loans)
  • medical needs including optical, dental, doctors visits, prescriptions and other medical expenses.

Maintenance may also pay for clothing, toiletries, hairdressing, car and phone expenses. Entertainment and social expenses are generally not included.

Organising adult child maintenance

If you and the other parent agree, or the child and paying parent agree

You can make an agreement between yourselves. Decide on amounts and dates that payments will be made.

Get legal advice separately before you do this.

You can then file your agreement at court which is then made into a court order (called a ‘consent order’).

If you cannot reach agreement

You may need to try family dispute resolution first. Trained family dispute resolution practitioners can help you reach and write out an agreement. We have a service called the Victoria Legal Aid Family Dispute Resolution Service that may be able to help you.

If there has been family violence or you feel intimidated, tell the family dispute resolution service.

If family dispute resolution is not suitable for you, or if it does not work, you can apply to the court for a decision.

Getting payments

The order can be registered with the Department of Human Services (Child Support) if the order is between both parents. They will collect maintenance payments from the paying parent and pay it to the receiving parent, for the child.

If the court order is between the child and a parent, it cannot be registered with the Department of Human Services. The paying parent must pay the child privately, according to the details of the court order.

Once the court has made an adult child maintenance order it must be obeyed. If it is not obeyed, get legal advice. The Department of Human Services or a lawyer can take action for you to get the payments.

Stopping payments

The court may decide that the order stops when:

  • the adult child finishes their education, for example, completes their qualification. The court may not make an order for a second degree or qualification if the adult child continues studying
  • a particular time period has ended, for example, three years to allow the adult child to finish their education. There may be conditions in the order, such as proof of passing subjects. If the adult child fails a subject, the order may stop
  • the adult child no longer has the particular illness or disability, or after a particular period of time, for example three years, to review the child’s illness or disability.

Changes to my child’s circumstances

The parent or adult child must tell the paying parent if there are any changes to the child’s education, illness or disability.

Entitlement to Centrelink allowances

The adult child can still get Centrelink allowances such as Youth Allowance and Austudy when they begin to get adult child maintenance.

More information

Child support agreements

Child support assessment

Child support payments

Family Tax Benefit and child support

Disagree with a child support decision

Proving who the dad is

Childbirth expenses

Get help

Find out how you can get help with child support.